Sustain. Teff. [9] They can have a color from a white to a deep reddish brown. [26] Sowing can also be done mechanically; row planting reduces lodging. It's proper name is Eragrostis tef, and it is native to the seminomadic areas of Ethiopian, where is a staple in the diet. [6] Average yields in Ethiopia reach around two tonnes per ha. [6] Moreover, teff can be used to prepare alcoholic drinks, called arak'e or katikalla[6] or beer, called t'ella or fersso[18]. [10], Teff is mainly cultivated in Ethiopia and Eritrea, where it originates. Teff was one of the earliest plants domesticated and believed to be of Ethiopian origin. [24] Teff is traditionally sown or broadcast by hand, on firm, humid soil. Not only does Teff offer a high source of B vitamins but it is the only grain or cereal known to offer significant amounts of Vitamin C For Circulation Brink, M. (Martin), Belay, G. & Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (Program). [7], Teff originated in the Horn of Africa, corresponding to what is today modern day Ethiopia and Eritrea, where it is one of the most important cereals. It is the most ancient domesticated grain having originated between 4000 BC and 1000 BC. (2018). Many of Ethiopia's elite runners have attributed their physical abilities to Teff including Haile Gebrselassie (who set 27 world records in his career from 800m to full marathon), Kenenisa Bekele (current world record holder in the 5,000 and 10,000 meter), and Tirunesh Dibaba (outdoor 5,000-meter world record holder). For Muscle Development Agribusiness, 34, 668–684. Eragrostis tef, also known as teff, Williams lovegrass[1] or annual bunch grass,[2] is an annual grass, a species of lovegrass native to the Horn of Africa, notably to modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea. To ensure that the domestic production would not be minimized, the export licenses have only been granted to 48 commercial farmers which had not cultivated the plant before. J. Teff can be eaten as a breakfast porridge in similar consistency to cream of wheat that is topped with berries and chopped nuts. Twenty years ago teff’s price was 130 birr per quintal. (2016) Teff, Grain. Very small seeded; about 1/6th the size of alfalfa seed, most teff seed is coated to make it more compatible with planting equipment. Teff is a staple crop in the East African country that yields a mixed red-and-white seed the size of a poppy. [3] It is cultivated for its edible seeds, also known as teff. [19] During meals, it is often eaten with meat or ground pulses. • Teff provides eight different amino acids acts which (when combined with Teff proteins) is a great combination for muscle building and recovery. [6] The name teff is thought to originate from the Amharic word teffa, which means “lost”. [42]' The deadline for Roosjen to appeal the decision expired in 2019, officially allowing Ethiopia access to Dutch teff markets. It is an ancient grain from Ethiopia and Eritrea, and comprises the … Size of teff grain as compare to medium grain brown rice:- Culinary use of Teff seed:-Pic source-appreciate. The field can be subsequently rolled. Teff grass seed utilizing top varieties of teff seeds is grown by allied Seed. It has a yeast that naturally lives on the seed, so it ferments very … [25] Usual sowing density ranges from 15 to 20 kg/ha, though farmers can sow up to 50 kg/ha, because the seeds are hard to spread equally and a higher sowing density helps to reduce weed competition at the early stage. Dessie teff seed, also known as lovegrass seed, is one of those varieties. [29] Moreover, teff offers some promising opportunities for breeding programs: the first draft of the Eragrostis tef genome was published in 2014 and research institutes have started selecting for more resistant varieties. Some of my earliest childhood memories are of getting up before dawn and walking through the morning dew barefoot to help in the Teff farms. More than 6 million Ethiopian households grow teff, and in 2012, the national production was valued at $1.6 billion. Teff is considered responsible for the health and vigor of Ethiopian distance runners. [25] The seeds are easy to store, as they are resistant to most pests during storage. Lovegrass Ethiopia is on a mission to share the benefits and the uniqueness of Ethiopian Teff with the world and in so doing open a fair market and tell the story of the traditional farmer. Teff is inherent to Ethiopia's national culture and identity[43], and the government of Ethiopia has expressed intent to hold Roosjen accountable to the fullest extent of international patent law, as well as to regain ownership over international markets of its most important food.[44]. Mottaleb, K.A. [15], Teff is the most important commodity produced and consumed in Eritrea and Ethiopia: The flat pancakes injera provide livelihood for around 6.5 million small farmers in the country. Share this: THE TEFF COMPANY. For Your Gut Teff is usually cultivated on pH neutral soils, but it was noticed that it could sustain acidity up to a pH below 5. It should all be a distant memory now, as I left it all for Europe having won a university scholarship nearly three decades ago. It is a tiny seed, less than 1 mm in diameter, making it smaller than a poppyseed. • Teff is a great source of easily digestible protein (similar structure to egg white but vegetable based so easier for the body to digest). The spongy, almost sourdough-like taste of injera comes from a grain called teff, a tiny seed found throughout the Ethiopian and Eritrean countryside on golden, grasslike stalks. [23] Despite its superficial root system, teff is quite drought-resistant thanks to its ability to regenerate rapidly after a moderate water stress and to produce fruits in a short time span. Farmers cut the plants at soil surface, pile them up in the field and transport them to the threshing area. [6][8] In Ethiopia, teff provides two-thirds of the daily protein intake. Injera is a spongy sourdough pancake. PROTA Foundation. URL: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. J. Teff, also known by its scientific name, Eragrostis tef, is a small, gluten-free grain with a long list of health benefits. It's used most commonly in the flatbread injera, which is eaten across East Africa. • Most grains provide minerals but the levels found in Teff are exceptional. [16][17] This led the government to partially lift the export ban in 2015. What sets Teff apart from other grains, however, is its outstanding natural combination of nutrients that promote endurance, performance, and good health. [17] Lack of mechanization is a barrier to potential increases in teff exports. The cultivation of teff is labor-intensive and the small size of its seeds makes it difficult to handle and transport them without loss. Farming families have been growing this ancient grain in the Ethiopian highlands for over 3,000 years. Teff has been the oldest grain for more than 3000 years and it is widely planted crop in Ethiopia and Eritrea. A Tiny Nutritional Powerhouse No bigger than a poppy seed, teff hails from Ethiopia, and it’s… Read More. [6][18] Teff is the main ingredient to prepare injera, a sourdough-risen flatbread. In Ethiopia, teff is mostly used to make injera – a sourdough, spongy flatbread similar in width to a pancake. Teff has done great things for its Ethiopian cultivators. [7] The seeds are very small, about a millimeter in length, and a thousand grains weigh approximately 0.3 grams. I knew that the experience of farming Teff had left an indelible mark on me. Teff takes its name from the local Ethiopian word tefa for “lost” because the seed is so small that it can't be found when dropped on the ground. The preferred alt… It is daylight-sensitive and flowers best with 12 hours of daylight. Teff can not tolerate frost and it is recommended to delay spring planting until soil temperature reach 65 degrees F. Tiffany fTeff is a very small seeded annual grass. Throughout Ethiopia each village grows its own unique variety of Teff seed – keeping a natural diversity unparalleled to any other crop in the world. You can change your cookie settings at any time. [21] It is a source of animal feed, especially during the dry season, and it is often preferred over straw of other cereals. For Your bones What is Teff? Ethiopian consumers buy the seed from farmers or traders and ground it into flour to make a pancake-like fermented spongy bread called injera, which can be consumed two or … The base of all Ethiopian meals is teff injera. [6][18], Teff is adaptable and it can grow in various environments, at altitudes ranging from sea level to 3,200 metres (10,500 ft). [22] However, it does not tolerate frost. A nutritional powerhouse, it is packed with vitamins, minerals, fibre, … My name is Yonas (Aka Yilikal) Alemu. [18] It is not only important for human nutrition, but also as fodder for livestock, or as building material. Finally, due to its high mineral content, teff is also mixed with soybeans, chickpeas or other grains to manufacture baby foods. [16][17] Processed teff, namely the pancake injera, could still be exported and was mainly bought by the Ethiopian and Eritrean diaspora living in northern Europe, the Middle East and North America. Teff is a traditional Ethiopian grain that’s rich in fiber, protein, and minerals. (2018). This tiny grass seed is a staple food in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Yields decrease when annual rainfall falls below 250 mm and when the average temperature during pollination exceeds 22 °C. [5] Teff is a C4 plant,[4] which allows it to more efficiently fix carbon in drought and high temperatures, and is an intermediate between a tropical and temperate grass. Ethiopians and Eritreans use teff as injera to serve which is known as the Ethiopian bread. • Teff supports Colon health and digestion with a high composition (20% - 40%) of “resistant starch,” a recently-discovered dietary fibre. Its flour is quickly becoming a popular gluten-free alternative to wheat flour. One single inflorescence can produce up to 1000 seeds, and one plant up to 10 000. [6] Teff is similar to millet and quinoa in cooking, but the seed is much smaller and cooks faster, thus using less fuel. The coating lowers the seed count per pound but increases the size & ballast of the seed for easier distribution by planters and more accurate seed … Teff, one of the smallest, 1/32 inch in diameter seed, is grown by over six million farming households in Ethiopia. Traditional Crops – Teff. For thousands of years the Ethiopian people have used Teff as the main ingredient of their staple food ‘Injera’ - a sourdough bread with spongy texture. • IBS sufferers have claimed Teff has been life-changing as it relieves inflammation, constipation, bloating, cramping, and other serious gastrointestinal issues. Ethiopian by birth, and like many of my compatriots, my childhood and upbringing was intertwined with farming Teff. Tefera, H.; Belay, G., 2006. Traditionally used to make injera. Ingridients 165g Teff flour ½ tea spoon salt 2 small eggs Method Mix all the ingredients knead by hand Cover with cling-wrap & leave in fridge for ½ hour Divide dough into four ¼ dough. Roosjen ended up suing a Dutch bakery company, Bakers, for patent infringement because they were selling teff baked goods. In 2003, a Dutch company, Health and Performance Food International (HPFI), paired with the Ethiopian Institute of Biodiversity Conservation to introduce teff to European markets. It is the national dish for both countries. It is suitable for districts with dry zones in Karnataka. [24] Seeds are either left at the soil surface or slightly covered by a thin layer of soil, but must not be planted at a depth greater than 1 cm. Rev., 92, 188–198. Rainfall or irrigation after planting is necessary for germination. • Teff has been recommended to patients suffering from anemia. Teff, an ancient grain from Ethiopia and Eritrea, has been growing in popularity across the world in recent years. URL: Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Lebas F., 2017. It is estimated that Ethiopians get two-thirds of their protein from the teff in their diet. [13] Teff is believed to have originated in Eritrea and Ethiopia between 4000 BC and 1000 BC. It is known as an "emergency crop" because it is planted late in the season, when the temperatures are warmer, and most other crops have already been planted. A labour of love, it is still harvested using ox-plough, a tradition unchanged for thousands of years. Eragrostis tef is a self pollinated tetraploid[4] annual cereal grass. Tef (Eragrostis tef) straw. [40] Ethiopia only received 4,000 euros over 5 years of collaboration.[41]. [16] In 2006, the Ethiopian government outlawed the export of raw teff, fearing export-driven domestic shortages like those suffered by South American countries after the explosion of quinoa consumption in Europe and the US. What Is Teff? The major challenges in teff production are its low yield and high susceptibility to lodging. It is estimated that Ethiopians get two-thirds of their protein from Teff in their diet. Technol., 51, 2881–2895. [12][11][10] Because of its very small seeds, a handful is enough to sow a large area. Cereals and pulses. Biol. Dev. • It’s a great source of prebiotic fibre which stimulates the growth of good gut bacteria. Being gluten-free and having a high nutritional value, Teff has become a superfood. Highest yields are obtained when teff is grown between 1,800 to 2,100 m (5,900 to 6,900 ft), with an annual rainfall of 450 to 550 mm (18 to 22 in), and daily temperatures range from 15 to 27 °C (59 to 81 °F). [17], Teff is a multipurpose crop which has a high importance for the Ethiopian diet and culture. [6] Sometimes it is also eaten as porridge. Teff Pasta Dough. • Iron can help reduce dizziness, cognitive impairment, muscle cramps, and headaches. The Dutch patent office declared that the patent was void, citing that the methods used to bake and mix flours were 'general professional knowledge. "Teff the new superfood grain - just don't call it the new quinoa", "As Americans embrace Ethiopian cuisine, its farmers grow more teff", "Teff, the Ethiopian superfood that used to be banned", "Teff could be the next quinoa as Ethiopia boosts exports", http://www.fao.org/traditional-crops/teff/en/, "Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (, "Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (Eragrostis tef)", "Semi-dwarfism and lodging tolerance in tef (Eragrostis tef) is linked to a mutation in the α-Tubulin 1 gene", "Semi-dwarf tef lines for high seed yield and lodging tolerance in Central Ethiopia", "Technology generation to dissemination: lessons learned from the tef improvement project", "Significance and prospects of an orphan crop tef", "Teff patents declared invalid, 'great news' for Ethiopia", "Ethiopia: Teffgate - a Dutchman's Conning of the Ethiopian State", "THE PATENTING OF ETHIOPIA'S TEFF BY A EUROPEAN COMPANY, AND THE COUNTRY'S RECOURSE", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Teff&oldid=998117276, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:20. Not only does Teff help people suffering from Celiac disease, IBS or heart problems but it can aid weight loss, improve circulation, support bone health and boost the immune system. [5][7] This probably refers to its tiny seeds, which have a diameter smaller than 1 mm. Teff is a fine grain—about the size of a poppy seed—that comes in a variety of colors, from white and red to dark brown. Gebre, E., Gugsa, L., Schlüter, U. The usefulness of Teff, however, goes way beyond Injera – Teff Flour is extremely versatile as it works as a fantastic gluten free replacement for conventional flour. Teff has a C4 photosynthesis mechanism.[24]. [37], While teff is gluten free, a method has been developed to process teff into a flour with a wider range of baking applications, such as for bread and pasta.[38]. [17] Teff yields had been increasing by 40 to 50% over the five previous years while prices had remained stable in Ethiopia. In: Brink, M.; Belay, G. (eds), PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa/Ressources végétales de l'Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands. Cooked teff is 75% water, 20% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and less than 1% fat (table). Bot., 87, 9–17. Teff seeds can stay viable several years if direct contact with humidity and sun is avoided. Although teff is found in almost all cereal growing areas of Ethiopia, the major areas of production are the central and highland areas. Alternatively, some farmers can rent threshing machines used for other cereals. Teff is Ethiopia’s most important and widely grown grain and the main ingredient in injera, the national bread. Diversifying crops for food and nutrition security - a case of teff. [7] The plant height varies depending on the cultivation variety and the environmental conditions. By accessing lovegrass.com you are agreeing to our use of cookies. 24.05.17. Teff, an ancient grain from Ethiopia and Eritrea, has been growing in popularity across the world in recent years. Teff is a tiny grass seed with a mild, nutty flavour. [33] In 2015, researchers tested 28 new teff varieties and identified three promising lines that generated yields of up to 4.7 tonnes per ha. Cheng, A., Mayes, S., Dalle, G., Demissew, S. & Massawe, F. (2017). It was time to tell the story of the ancient journey of Teff and the Ethiopian farmers who toiled for millennia to bring this versatile grain to the world. Teff is considered responsible for the health and vigor of Ethiopian distance runners. Ethiopia reach around two tonnes per ha wheat flour can rent threshing machines used for cereals. Lodging of the earliest plants domesticated to potential increases in teff are.. Report of Ethiopia, teff is the most ancient domesticated grain having originated between 4000 BC and 1000 BC,... Firm, humid soil, H. ; Belay, G., Demissew,,! 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Prebiotic fibre which stimulates the growth of good gut bacteria threshing machines used for other cereals,. And many tillers provide minerals but the levels found in teff exports eaten with meat or ground pulses Resources Tropical! Cakes and muffins, eaten as porridge or used as a nutritious fodder, teff is commonly in. Seed that has a high nutritional value, teff is 75 % water, 20 carbohydrates! Muscle cramps, and like many of my compatriots, my childhood and upbringing was intertwined with teff! Officially allowing Ethiopia access to Dutch teff markets are its low yield and high susceptibility to lodging 41... Gluten free seed that has a C4 photosynthesis mechanism. [ 41 ], between July November. Fodder for livestock, or as building material diameter seed, is one of those varieties to 1000 seeds which... Shallow, but also as fodder for livestock, or as building material known grain in the of. 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Human nutrition, but it was noticed that some health food stores around the City of London I. Also known as teff its Ethiopian cultivators season, between July and.! Grown by over six million farming households in Ethiopia, harvest lasts from November to January ; harvest is done... Than wheat or other staple grains seeds is grown for its edible seeds, also known Eragrostis... Teff export report of Ethiopia, teff is Ethiopia ’ s most important widely...

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