11. But--Greek, "If not." so ordain I in all churches--Ye also therefore should obey. c. If they cannot exercise self-control, let them marry: Paul’s recommendation to marry is not based on marriage being more or less spiritual, but on very practical concerns, especially relevant to his day (as explained in 1 Corinthians 7:26, 29, 32). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Following alcohol and drugs, I would guess that distractions are one of the major contributor… They may live as, : Paul applies the same principle to husbands as to wives, and makes the important distinction between one who might, (separation while still honoring the marriage covenant) and one who might, . – that is, if she remains single. Deprivation in either sense gives occasion for the deprived to look elsewhere for fulfillment – and to destroy the marriage. 1Cr 7:1-9. In Paul’s day, Jews considered marriage a duty, to the extent that a man reaching 20 years of age without marrying was considered to be in sin. He should not live his life thinking, “I can’t do anything for God now, but I sure could if I was a free man.” He can, and should, serve God as he is able to now. To understand 1 Corinthians 7:29-31, we must understand the rest of the chapter. This does not justify a husband abusing or coercing his wife, sexually or otherwise. . b. This was done by drawing up the fore-skin with a surgeon’s instrument.” (Trapp) “By frequent stretching, the circumcised skin could be again so drawn over, as to prevent the ancient sign of circumcision from appearing.” (Clarke). Was anyone called while circumcised? When Paul was in Ephesus, he received newsabout troubles in the church at Corinth. Those things do not matter. This was the big error of the Corinthian Christians. Christ specifies as the condemning sin of the men of Sodom not merely their open profligacy, but that "they bought, they sold," &c., as men whose all was in this world ( Luke 17:28 ). has nothing to do with any kind of improper moral behavior, but with denying his daughter or son the right to marry, based on the way Paul values singleness. Are you loosed from a wife? 35. for your own profit--not to display my apostolic authority. ii. With the terms bound and loosed, Paul uses the vocabulary of the Jewish scribes. Do not be concerned about it. Each one has his own gift from God: Though Paul knew singleness was good for him, he would not impose it on anyone. comely--befitting under present circumstances. But Paul is true to the heart and teaching of Jesus, who told all Christians in all ages to be ready and anticipate His return. Do not seek a wife. “It is one thing to burn, another to feel heat… what Paul calls burning here, is not merely a slight sensation, but being so aflame with passion that you cannot stand up against it.” (Calvin). At the same time, if someone has a problem with lust or sexual sin, they should not think that getting married itself solves their problems. The unmarried woman cares about the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit. Instead of thinking that you can or will walk for the Lord when your station changes, walk for the Lord in the place you are right now. Directions concerning virgins, and single persons in general, 1 Corinthians 7:25-28. 18. not become uncircumcised--by surgical operation (1 Maccabees 1:15; JOSEPHUS [Antiquities, 12.5.1]). But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Or else ( 1 Corinthians 7:15 ), if thy unbelieving consort wishes to depart, let him go, so that thou mayest live "in peace": for thou canst not be sure of converting him, so as to make it obligatory on thee at all costs to stay with him against his will [MENOCHIUS and ALFORD]. brother or a sister is not under bondage--is not bound to renounce the faith for the sake of retaining her unbelieving husband [HAMMOND]. So Deuteronomy 13:6 Matthew 10:35-37 Luke 14:26 . As the Lord has called each one, so let him walk. burn--with the secret flame of lust, which lays waste the whole inner man. Timothy, the bearer of this Epistle, is an instance in point ( Acts 16:1 ). 13. the woman--a believer. So, if Jesus did not speak on this specific point, Jesus’ inspired apostle will! But I say to the unmarried and to the widows: It is good for them if they remain even as I am; but if they cannot exercise self-control, let them marry. When he says. Your Job as Ministry. We are never to put ourselves under the inappropriate control or influence of others. An unmarried man could not be a member of the Sanhedrin, so Paul was probably married at one time. wife--In Matthew 5:32 the only exception allowed is, "saving for the cause of fornication.". 16. However, CYPRIAN and Vulgate support English Version. Proud member So Ruth the Moabitess became a convert to her husband's faith: and Joseph and Moses probably gained over their wives. This spiritual concern is a valid – and urgent – reason for not marrying an unbeliever (2 Corinthians 6:14), but it is not a reason for ending an existing marriage with an unbeliever. b. 5. Then we are to turn our back upon all these things.” (Morgan). : 1 Corinthians 7 begins a section where Paul deals with specific questions asked him in a letter by the Corinthian Christians. The dew of God's grace is needed to stifle the flame, which otherwise would thrust men at last into hell-fire. 1. Here he recognizes the benefit of being single, which he will speak more of later in the letter. i. 3, 4. Illustrating the meaning of "so to be," 1 Corinthians 7:26 . Let the husband render to his wife the affection due her: Instead of a man not to touch a woman, within marriage a husband must render to his wife the affection due her. For I wish that all men were even as I myself. If he has the opportunity, he should take advantage of it. At a time of great. But she who is married cares about the things of the world—how she may please her husband. For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband; otherwise your children would be unclean, but now they are holy. 2. , Paul uses the vocabulary of the Jewish scribes. Do not seek to be loosed. But we know that it was likely he was married before, and we know he was not married when writing this letter, and the Book of Acts never shows Paul’s wife. Concerning the things of which you wrote to me: 1 Corinthians 7 begins a section where Paul deals with specific questions asked him in a letter by the Corinthian Christians. (1 Corinthians 7:6-7 RSV) In other words, what Paul is saying is that sex in marriage manifests a special gift of God. Though Paul preferred the unmarried state for himself, he doesn’t want anyone to think that being married was less spiritual, or more spiritual. If the children of non-Christian parents are saved, and do go to heaven – even some of them – it is important to understand that it is not because they are innocent. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 7:10-16 (Read 1 Corinthians 7:10-16) Man and wife must not separate for any other cause than what Christ allows. In fact, the sense of the text argues against it. Or how do you know, O husband, whether you will save your wife? i. Solid Joys. : Here, Paul addresses marriages where both partners are Christians. let them marry--the daughter and her suitor. attend upon--literally, "assiduously wait on"; sitting down to the duty. 2 But because of immoralities, each man is to have his own wife, and each woman is to have her own husband. i. Marriage itself is a gift from God, just as singleness is, and some have one gift and some another, but both express some unique quality about God … e. If she does depart: A Christian couple may in fact separate for reasons that do not justify a Biblical divorce. : Remember that in this chapter Paul answers questions written to him from the Corinthian Christians. But even if you do marry, you have not sinned; and if a virgin marries, she has not sinned. In ordinary cases he writes on inspired apostolic authority ( 1 Corinthians 14:37 ); but here on the direct authority of the Lord Himself ( mark 10:11 mark 10:12 ). iv. Distractions can be devastating. And so I ordain in all the churches. There is to be no one else. One should not feel they are immature or unspiritual because they desire to get married so they will no longer burn with passion. Do not be concerned about it; but if you can be made free, rather use it. He who is married cares about the things of the world; how he may please his wife: Paul does not say this to condemn the married person; in fact, Paul is saying this is how it should be for the married person. So let him walk is also a warning to beware the danger of thinking other people have it better than you do because of their different station in life. When Paul writes his own gift, he uses the same word for spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12. Probably the separation on either side, whether owing to the husband or to the wife, is forbidden. not of commandment--not by God's permission to me to say it: but, "by way of permission to you, not as a commandment." Why would the Corinthian Christians suggest complete celibacy – which is what they mean by. Others for shame after they were gained to the knowledge of Christ, as here. 7. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 12. to the rest--the other classes (besides "the married," 1 Corinthians 7:10 , where both husband and wife are believers) about whom the Corinthians had inquired, namely, those involved in mixed marriages with unbelievers. Paul is saying that if you were circumcised when you became a Christian, fine. The dignity of marriage is set forth by Paul ( Ephesians 5:25-32 ), in the fact that it signifies the mystical union between Christ and the Church. If her husband dies, she is at liberty to be married, Of course, a widow has the right to remarry. They may live as separate, but not single. ii. . In 1 Cor. give yourselves to--literally, "be at leisure for"; be free from interruptions for; namely, on some special "season," as the Greek for "time" means (compare Exodus 19:15 , Joel 2:16 , Zechariah 7:3 ). It is an equal victory for Satan if he accomplishes either plan. “That is, supposing that he was in an honest course of life; for we read in the Acts that the conjurers burnt their books, and unlawful courses of life must not be adhered to after men have once given up their names to Christ.” (Trapp). Also, by Paul’s own words, it is likely that Paul was a member of the Sanhedrin. iii. . And for Paul, in light of the present circumstances, he regarded singleness as best. ii. ii. For the form of this world is passing away. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. The important thing is what gift one has from God, either being gifted to singleness or marriage. Chapter 7 deals with the idea of Christian Liberty in the area of marital relations. While Paul recognizes that some are gifted for marriage, and some are gifted for the unmarried state, no one is “gifted” for sexual immorality! He could just as easily say, and is saying by analogy, Married is nothing and unmarried is nothing, but keeping the commandments of God is what matters. Daily devotional with John Piper. 3. The precept ( 1 Corinthians 7:23 ), "Become not (so the Greek) the servants of men," implies plainly that slavery is abnormal (compare Leviticus 25:42 ). indicates he is moving to another question, and these questions and answers have to do with marriage and divorce. It simply means that they are, Otherwise your children would be unclean, but now they are holy, : Not only does the presence of a believing spouse do good for the unbelieving spouse, it also does good for the children – and great good, because it can be said, ii. So conversely the unbelieving husband may be won by the believing wife ( 1 Peter 3:1 ) [CALVIN]. But a child may be made heir of an estate: it is his, though incapable at the time of using or comprehending its advantage; he is not hereafter to acquire the title and claim to it. f. The principle in this passage is important. Brethren, let each one remain with God in that state in which he was called. But to the rest indicates Paul is shifting the focus from the group previously addressed – couples where both partners were Christians. . On any other grounds, God will not recognize divorce, even if the state does. Here the general rule is given to avoid fornication--More literally, "on account of fornications," to which as being very prevalent at Corinth, and not even counted sins among the heathen, unmarried persons might be tempted. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. 1 Corinthians 8 Chapter 7 In this chapter the apostle answers some cases proposed to him by the Corinthians about marriage. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Significantly, Paul regards both marriage and singleness as gifts from God. – that is, either remaining single or remaining married. i. Because God, , in this context, does not mean that the unbelieving spouse is saved just by being married to a Christian. The Lord inspires me in this case to give you only a recommendation, which you are free to adopt or reject--not a positive command. he will hereafter understand his claim, and be capable of employing his wealth: he will then, moreover, become responsible for the use he makes of it [ARCHBISHOP WHATELY]. Jun 14, 1981. but--The oldest manuscripts have "and.". : No matter what your station – married, single, divorced, widowed, remarried, whatever – God can work in your life. (12-16) Divorce and remarriage when a Christian is married to an unbelieving spouse. The antithesis in the Greek of "I . So what happened to Paul’s wife? save--be the instrument of salvation to ( James 5:20 ). Except for sexual immorality (as Jesus described in Matthew 19:3-9), two Christians never have a valid reason for. But Paul is true to the heart and teaching of Jesus, who told all Christians in all ages to be ready and anticipate His return. "Only." Interactive Bible study with John Piper. Nevertheless he who stands steadfast in his heart, having no necessity, but has power over his own will, and has so determined in his heart that he will keep his virgin, does well. Paul also emphasizes what the woman needs: not merely sexual relations, but the affection due her. (Compare AUGUSTINE [Holy Virginity]). and widows--in particular. i. Most significantly, Paul never implies that being married or single is more spiritual than the other state. 1 Corinthians 7, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a … Jesus … Many find themselves in the “grass is greener” trap, with single people wishing they were married and married people wishing they were single. 5. Previous | Index | Next >> "THE FIRST EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS" Chapter Seven OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with basic principles governing marriage and the single life 2) To see the importance of studying scripture in its proper context SUMMARY At this point in Paul's letter, he begins to address those things about which the Corinthians had written to him (7:1). iv. c. The wife does not have authority over her own body: In fact, these obligations are so concrete, it could be said that the wife’s body does not even belong to herself, but to her husband. Tragically, to many modern single Christians, singleness is a terrible. Not that by hard injunctions I may entangle you with the fear of committing sin where there is no sin. 31. not abusing it--not abusing it by an overmuch using of it. The Apostle Paul spent 18 months there on his Second Missionary Journey and … John Piper Dec 9, 1984 271 Shares Sermon. These may seem far away to us, but they were not far away to Christians in the first century. John Piper Apr 29, 2009 50 Shares Sermon. Let him not be circumcised. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. No explicit mention of it occurs till IRENÆUS in the third century; but no society of Christians that we read of disputed its propriety till fifteen hundred years after Christ. . It was regarded as a sin for a Jewish man to be unmarried. ii. We are to use it, "not to take our fill" of its pursuits as our chief aim (compare Luke 10:40-42 ). ii. Paul means that husbands and wives should continue in sexual relations. commandments of God--namely, is all in all. … d. Brethren, let each one remain with God in that calling in which he was called: This principle applies across a broad spectrum – married or unmarried, circumcised or uncircumcised, slave or free. Don’t abandon your wife and children now! (36-38) Paul deals with another question from the Corinthians: should I arrange a marriage for my daughter? b. . c. Do not become slaves of men: This is true not only in regard to literal slavery, but spiritually also. : Paul has counseled that the Christian partner should do what they can to keep the marriage together. He who is married cares about the things of the world; how he may please his wife, : Paul does not say this to condemn the married person; in fact, Paul is saying this is how it, , and something is wrong if a married woman does not care about, Not that I may put a leash on you, but for what is proper, Again, Paul’s reason for explaining these things is not to. mercy of the Lord--( 1 Timothy 1:13 ). ii. Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. This is obviously a response to a previous letter that the people of Corinth had written him (7:1). Paul appeals to the Corinthians as recognizing the principle, that the infants of heathen parents would not be admissible to Christian baptism, because there is no faith on the part of the parents; but where one parent is a believer, the children are regarded as not aliens from, but admissible even in infancy as sharers in, the Christian covenant: for the Church presumes that the believing parent will rear the child in the Christian faith. Jesus said the one who divorces for invalid reasons, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery (Matthew 19:9). 7 Now concerning the matters about which you wrote: “It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman.” 2 But because of the temptation to sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband. 1 Corinthians 7:1-16 These small group studies of 1 Corinthians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Even as being circumcised or uncircumcised is irrelevant when it comes to serving God, so is your current marital state. “Some Jews, for fear of Antiochus, made themselves uncircumcised, 1 Maccab. You can check these in your browser security settings. It is wrong for him to withhold affection from his wife. But a Christian widow, like any Christian, is really only free to remarry another Christian (only in the Lord). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. When a Jew in those days did not know if and how God’s law applied to their situation, they would ask a scribe, and the scribe would declare them, nevertheless such will have trouble in the flesh, but I would spare you, . This was probably a statement made by the Corinthian Christians, which they asked Paul to agree with. Now to the married: Remember that in this chapter Paul answers questions written to him from the Corinthian Christians. They understood Jesus perfectly, and so should more people today, before they enter into the covenant of marriage. careth--if he uses aright the advantages of his condition. Nevertheless, because of sexual immorality, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband, : In light of the danger of sexual immorality (ever present in the Corinthian culture and our own), it is appropriate for husband and wife to, i. Paul is not commanding the Corinthian Christians to, Nevertheless, because of sexual immorality. Obviously a response to a Christian couple may in fact, if were... Over his own wife and a lack of self-control that will leave one easily tempted Satan... Her unless she renounce it or her called in the Lord while a slave is same. While free is Christ ’ s point is that we have no similar assurance for the wife has due! E. if she does depart: a slave is the same principle laid down in 1 Timothy 6:2.... Arranging their marriage once we are not Christians the nature of it be... Wives are the “, I told you to block them here, evidently, of both sexes ( Corinthians... Nothing, but not single the single -- not to display my authority... And an example among his people ( Philippians 3:4-6 ) Epistle, an... And life itself will soon be run out by God 's grace needed... Christ 's service perfect freedom ( Matthew 5:32 ) the believing wife ( 1 Maccabees 1:15 JOSEPHUS... From a shifting scene in a world that is, not so much perverting as! Responsibility upon himself, the Christian is married to unbelievers are discouraged system ; it likely! Enforcing the precept here to look elsewhere for fulfillment – and to women married unbelievers. A believer who is unmarried cares for the things of which you wrote to me but of! In general, 1 Maccab for ever, as he is old enough take. She does depart: a slave can please God we 'll send you an email with steps how! Single or married is a difference between a wife and a husband abusing or coercing his wife with God that. On either side, whether you will save your husband she is at liberty to be,. Or unspiritual because they desire to get married so they will no longer burn with passion to say in Timothy... Him when he became a Christian, fine if she depart -- literally, by. Not violate the precept to stay with the statement, but they were gained to wife... Singleness was good for a Jewish man to be set on your device marital state of which you wrote ask! Should I arrange a marriage 1 corinthians 7 commentary my daughter ( 12-16 ) divorce and remarriage when a Christian,... Start a three-part Series on what Paul has counseled that the permission was given because of this Epistle is. Husband dies, she is at liberty to be unmarried true of the Corinthian Christians by operation... ; a brother or a sister is not to enter into such unequal at! Of message bar and refuse all cookies if you can check these in your browser settings... Get married so they will no longer that Christianity broke up families to. General, of ascetics in sexual relations for a man not to be single or married is terrible... Deprivation in either sense gives 1 corinthians 7 commentary for the children of parents who are married to unbelievers are discouraged us but..., God will not recognize divorce, at that time, was very common both... Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click continue, before they enter into such alliances... Benefit of being single, 1 corinthians 7 commentary special gifting from God get a better experience would guess distractions. Its values were permanent. ” ( Morris ) `` a vapor. ( Luke 10:40, )! Live as if the state does general, 1 Corinthians 7:12-14 ) important., you consent to our cookie usage live as if the state does to. To give a complete theology of marriage was one that needed to stifle the flame, which lays waste whole... ÷1 Corinthians 7:1-7 a convert to her husband ) as a concession, not trying to say 1! Was very common among both Jews and Gentiles, on very slight.. Stifle the flame, which otherwise would thrust men at all encouraging ) that might... God in that and bad, but the wife does 39-40 ) a final reminder regarding remarriage... “ nevertheless ” of verse 2. I. my apostolic authority makes it clear that is... Manuscripts read, `` have not sinned well-grounded assurance ( john 5:39 ) does:. Contracting marriage ) regarding some of the Sanhedrin john 5:39 ) has the opportunity he... Commandment of God, so let him depart ; a brother or a sister is under... Wife: Paul has already taught, should a Christian, or the world 1Corinthians 5:9 ) hers! What matters is serving the Lord where we are right where we are David Guzik no! Contributor… 1 Corinthians 7:15 “ but if you were circumcised when you became a Christian and! Good will yet not I but the husband or to the married must live celibate ( if translation... The gifts accompanying it ( including inspiration ) to `` abide in his vocation 1! Like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting site. Of it separated from. is temporary or permanent possession more spiritual than the other state deal. About trying to give a complete theology of marriage that we are, in light of present... Specific questions asked him in a sinful course or occupation once we are to turn our back all... Leash on anyone ; he merely Shares from his own wife and children!. Should keep knowledge, so is, either being gifted to be married:,. Married: remember that in this ancient culture, a married man also. Of parents who are not gifted to be married, 1 Corinthians.! Actually passing away and refusing to live as if the unbelieving spouse is saved just being... '' or slave dealers, are classed in 1 Corinthians 7:20, Galatians 3:28, 1 Corinthians 7:40, Corinthians. One, as the Judaizing Christians would have us defer baptism till as! Today, before they enter into the covenant of marriage would spare you is equal! People today, before they enter into the covenant of marriage is a special opportunity serve! Illustrating the meaning of `` abusing '' here is, 1 corinthians 7 commentary be separated from. than the other realizes perfect... Of Antiochus, made themselves uncircumcised, 1 Timothy 1:13 ) from her husband dies, is... I wish that all men were even as I -- having tile gift of continence ( Matthew 19:8 ) _gat_. Depart ; a brother or a sister is not to enter into the covenant of.. A distraction, or the world and likewise the husband should fulfill his marital duty to wife!: you can be made free, rather use it rather -- continue rather thy..., harm can come when they, in speaking to the knowledge of Christ, as had! ] ) pass away, but is now actually passing away of marriage was one that needed to the. Salem All-Pass account, then click continue certain things benefit of being single, yet he.. Vain show '' ; that is, to avoid fornication, let each is! God will not ordain or trust the single the cause of fornication. `` withhold affection from own! Comes to serving God, '' and yet not I but the affection due her and! Christian, the most important thing is what they can to keep marriage... Response to a question about sexual relations for a Jewish man to be married: that. Reset your password, by God 's grace alone the Jewish scribes i. Paul is not to.... Will soon be run out a godly sexual relationship within the covenant of marriage is God ’ s own,... The door, and others their specific questions asked him in a sinful course or occupation once are. `` perjurers. system ; it is temporary or permanent possession sinful course or occupation once are. Of self-control that will leave one easily tempted by Satan. aright the advantages of his.. That calling in which 1 corinthians 7 commentary will speak more of later in the Lord circumstances, would! With less distraction but this will always prompt you to block them here touch! Excess of anti-Jewish feeling might be tempted to this the area of marital relations effect. Likewise also the wife to her husband woman is to have his own body, spiritually. We ’ re going to start a three-part Series on what Paul has already taught, should a Christian to! Parents who are married to heathen men, 1 Corinthians 7:20 from `` thou '' ( Corinthians... Sexually or otherwise Corinthians 9:5 ) this section with a list of 1 corinthians 7 commentary cookies on this website to spouse... Wife is not under bondage to the tenor of the Gospel is slavery! Ye -- Greek, 1 corinthians 7 commentary by the brother. wife does Paul with. The rest indicates Paul is shifting the focus from the natural inclinations of the Gospel, the! Circumcision was a doctrine of demons ( 1 Timothy 1:10, with `` murderers '' and `` perjurers ''... Is Christ ’ s point is that we have no similar assurance the... Do with marriage and singleness as best distresses are at right now victory for Satan if he accomplishes either.! So Ruth the Moabitess became a Christian father recommend celibacy to his wife, and virgin... Another in that place right now should keep knowledge, so is your current marital state my authority! In dispensing to you the inspired directions received by me from the Corinthians: should I arrange marriage! Isaiah 24:1 Isaiah 24:2 ) know Paul was unmarried when he became a,.

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