Correct. The juvenile court fulfills the governmentâs role as substitute parent, and, where no juvenile court exists, other courts must assume the function. Juvenile courts aimed to … Georgina is a prosecuting attorney who specializes in handling cases where juveniles have been accused of committing serious crimes. What is an accurate comparison of federal process versus â¦ Correct. Law enforcement c. Courts d. Corrections agencies 3 . This flowchart is a general explanation of the various stages of a the juvenile court process, beginning from arrest and continuing until expungement. and juvenile justice systems that follows portrays the most common sequence of events in response to serious criminal behavior. Ann would be considered a _________. b. However, we cannot bring a case based on every report we receive. While the client in a juvenile matter is the child, these types of cases generally involve the entire family. The courts are violating juvenile offendersâ rights by sentencing them as they would adults, and exposing them to cruel and unusual punishment. Correct. Although only 16-years-old, Joey was to be tried as an adult because in Arizona only 14-year-olds and younger are protected from being tried as an adult for the violent crime he committed. Shelley, a judge in New York, deals with many types of cases on a daily basis. Correct. Correct. A juvenile crime is any offense that could be committed by an adult but that is committed by a juvenileâ¦ The fact that Joey, a 16-year-old, is being tried as an adult for a crime that only excludes those age 14 and younger from being tried as adults is a perfect example of legislative exclusion. In lieu of prison, juvenile court â¦ This is considered which type of bullying? It looks like your browser needs an update. adjudicatory hearing***. In many jurisdictionâ¦ Which of the following best describes the term "contempt of court"? Which of the following should the specialized courts do to BEST treat her case? States that attempt to follow a balanced and restorative justice approach to their juvenile justice systems tend to emphasize public safety, individual accountability, and offender services. He is both a trier of law and a trier of fact. b) Texas tries all juvenile offenders as if they were adults. Correct. Correct. Child welfare specialists, social workers, and private psychologists were utilized both in the court â¦ The court system followed the concept of Parens Patriae, where the court assumes responsibility, treatment, and rehabilitation of the incarcerated juvenile or child. Thus, her trial will be vastly different than it might be if her uncle, for example, had committed the exact same act. They all focus on achieving meaningful results. They are tasked with resolving any legal matter that comes before them. 1750â1850: From Almshouses to Houses of Refuge. Which of the following scenarios BEST encapsulates legislative exclusion? Which of the following scenarios does NOT describe a status offense? They do NOT focus on leniency. a. Massachusetts state juvenile court Judge Ricardo Varela thought it was more than appropriate to sentence the juvenile to a long period of probation to be preceded by a six-month term in the Dedham State Adult Correctional Facility. JUVENILE JUSTICE: CYCLES OF REHABILITATION AND PUNISHMENT. The American juvenile justice system is the primary system used to handle minors who are convicted of criminal offenses. Roper v. Simmons. The juvenile justice system intervenes in delinquent behavior through police, courtâ¦ Yesterday, one case she heard regarded a juvenile who was truant from school. Which of the following pretrial procedures of the juvenile court must be held within 48 72hours of detention of the offender except weekends and holidays? c. They are impulsive. Judge Varela issued a blended sentence, which requires juveniles not only to serve a term of probation but also to spend time in an adult correctional facility. Correct. They are designed to increase the likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment. Justice of the peace courts and municipal (or city) courts have limited jurisdiction, meaning that their authority is restricted to certain cases. Entry into the system The justice system does not re-spond to most crime because so much crime is not discov-ered or reported to the police. Explain how recent juvenile justice system To understand how we got here, let's first examine the evolution of the juvenile justice s... America incarcerates more juveniles than any country in the world. on-crime” approach to juvenile justice and today’s reform-focused efforts. The intake officer decided to place Carl into a substance abuse program. The juvenile will have an adjudicatory hearingCorrect. he American juvenile justice system has developed over the past century with a number of differences that distinguish it from the adult criminal justice process. Correct. The juvenile justice system is the structure of the criminal legal system that deals with crimes committed by minors, usually between the ages of 10 and 18 years. Celine is a juvenile. dissenting opinion. What does it mean to describe judges as triers of law? At that point, the juvenile court has the authority to do what it considers to be in the best interest of the juvenile. For what type of court is Shelley a judge? The parents of the youths do not give consent to the youths' placement in an adult correctional system. Dora, a popular student, spread humiliating rumors about Veronica. Which of the following is TRUE of the constitutional requirements he must meet to be nominated. Read on to learn some basics on crime and punishment for minors. We use information from various sources, including community members affected by civil rights violations, to bring and pursue cases. Which of the following BEST describes Celine? Another name for representation b. Most states today provide some measure of openness yet place at least some limitations on openness. C - whether the child will be rehabilitated. The mission of the Juvenile Department is to fairly and impartially decide cases and administer justice through the comprehensive delivery of services to children and … It is a requirement that a controversy being brought to court be real and substantial, as opposed to academic or hypothetical. All states have separate courts that deal with juveniles accused of crime. The juvenile court system was established in the United States a little more than a century ago, with the first court appearing in Illinois in 1899. A blended sentence. Concurrent jurisdiction. Georgina has a serious drug addiction problem and has also been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder. What Supreme Court ruling required that juveniles have the right to advance notice of charges, the right to counsel, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses, and the privilege against self-incrimination? one. Correct. But advances in the understanding of child development â¦ What will occur if a juvenile case is petitioned and the court decides NOT to waive the case to adult court? Juvenile Arrests 2007. and Puzzanchera and Kang, 2010, Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics. Oh no! Which of the following would best describe a presentation effort advocated by social structure theorist. Which of the following is not part of the juvenile system? Chapter 10: The Juvenile Court I. It looks like your browser needs an update. (1 point) Recommend that the case be dismissed. With few exceptions, in most states delinquency is defined as the commission of a criminal act by a child who was under the age of 18 at the time; most states also allow youth to remain under the supervision of the juvenile court until age 21. The courts are hesitant to treat juvenile offenders like adult offenders, but sometimes itâs necessary when rehabilitation isnât possible. What Is Juvenile Court? A) It refers to children or adolescents suffering from severe depression. Only occurred at the national level c. Ended by the time of the Civil War d. Rewarded party faithful with government jobs and contracts e. Guarantees mentors for newly elected officials. The percentage of youth ages 12-18 that have been the victims of bullying is approximately __________. Because the juvenile court system was focused on rehabilitation and was set up to be less punitive than the adult criminal courts, many professionals outside of the traditional court system were instrumental in âguidingâ children and adolescents towards becoming good citizens. Leniency. Those standards, in summary, stated that a juvenile court should have broad jurisdiction over persons under the age of eighteen, be presided over by a specially trained judge, maintain informal procedure and private hearings, keep detention at a minimum and preferably in private boarding homes, be comprised of a highly qualified probation staff, have resources for individual and specialized treatment at its disposal, be supervised by the state, and maintain an adequate record system â¦ 4 points Question 3 1. Which of the following scenarios does NOT describe a status offense? Our work includes many different kinds of activâ¦ Correct. answer D. Which of the following â¦ Correct. It is required to prove delinquency "beyond a reasonable doubt" because of which Supreme Court case? His trial had occurred, his sentence had been handed down, his time had been served, and his parole had been approved. Into which of the following categories does Karen fit? a) An adversarial system is based on a contest between the parties with the judge regulating the conduct of the parties. Which of the following BEST describes Judge Robertson, who is sitting as judge in a bench trial for which there is no jury? Because judges often work closely with defendants. Celine, who was arrested last night, is just by a few weeks below the statutorily specified age limit in her state of original jurisdiction. The mistreatment of children involving physical, emotional, or sexual damage is child _________. Which of the following BEST describes Celine? Concurrent jurisdiction means that certain cases can be tried in both juvenile and adult court, and the prosecutor makes a decision as to where the case should be tried. 2 It is important to remember that the United States has at least 51 different juvenile justice systems, not one. b. Which of the following is not an option for an intake officer? We may sometimes use it as evidence in an existing case. Correct. Explain how recent juvenile justice system . Rules about the admission of evidence is much more lenient in the juvenile crime system. Correct. Topics covered in this section include a history of the juvenile court, significant Supreme Court decisions that have shaped the modern juvenile justice system, and comparisons between juvenile â¦ Specialized courts do focus on achieving meaningful results. 1. What is the difference between concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction? Practice & Policy Resources Defender App: Juvenile Defense Resources ; Juvenile Defense Basics. Correct. Jamie was pulled over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the influence of alcohol. Most of the more recently formed gun courts have focused their energies on which of the following? By the 1960s juvenile courts had jurisdiction over nearly all cases involving persons under the age of 18, and transfers into the adult criminal system were made only through a waiver of the juvenile court's authority. occurring across the juvenile justice system today, and describe how and why today’s juvenile courts are at distinct and different stages of reform across the country. Karen is a nine-year-old who was caught with stolen clothes from three different department stores. Power is held by the common people. To combine punishment and rehabilitation in holding low-level defendants accountable for their offenses. d) Juveniles are not extended the same rights as adult defendants. "Cross-pollinate". That they be viewed differently from traditional courts. 4 . answer choices. What Supreme Court ruling banned mandatory life imprisonment sentences for juveniles convicted of murder? A family courtCorrect. ... and today there are more similarities. What does this discretion represent? JUVENILE JUSTICE: HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY. Celine is a juvenile. a. Flowchart of the Juvenile Court Process; Juvenile Court â¦ Where was the first juvenile court created? She is a juvenile. Law enforcement agencies learn about crime from the â¦ What is an example of nonsecure confinement. A Supreme Court Justice who writes the following words,"Generations from now, lawyers and judges will look back at today's ruling with utter contempt," is probably writing a . Which statement best describes how the author of Prison Is a Poor Deterrent, and a Dangerous Punishment views the juvenile justice system? The juvenile court has jurisdictions over minors alleged to be delinquent, status offenders and dependents of those in need of decisions by the court b. 4. This describes which intake option? delinquent child . b. b) An inquisitorial system is based on a contest between â¦ The system is composed of a federal and many separate state, territorial, and local jurisdictions, with states and the federal government sharing sovereign police power under the common authority of the United States Constitution. Two types of cases are processed by a juvenile court: civil matters, usually concerning care of an abandoned child or one whose parents cannot support him; and criminal matters â¦ Which of the following statements best describes a juvenile offender? A term used to describe the discretionary power police have in determining what to do with misbehaving juveniles is __________. The focus in juvenile â¦ Juvenile Court Terminology. An inquisitorial approach concerns an investigation undertaken by the court with the parties ensuring the correct procedure is followed. Based on the age of the following juvenile delinquents, who is most likely to become a chronic offender? Prior to the establishment of todayâs juvenile justice system, troubled children were â¦ changes have been impacted by federal policies. Which of the following is TRUE of drug courts? a. According to the Supreme Court, which of the following factors determines whether a juvenile â¦ Judge Gilloni was not convinced at the outset of this trial that the trial itself and the defendant should have landed in an adult criminal court. 1 • Of those children, youth, and young adults, a large number (65–70 percent) have at least one diagnosable mental health need, and 20–25 percent have serious emotional issues. What did Judge Varela utilize? Juvenile court is more civil than criminal, theoretically c. Civil law refers to all â¦ Some juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on public safety. In Roper v. Simmons, the Supreme Court banned the death penalty for anyone under the age of 18. â¦ A trier of fact. They are appointed by the president of the United States. A reentry court. Adjudication [of Delinquency] Analogous to an adult “conviction,” it is a formal finding by the juvenile court, after an adjudicatory hearing or the entering of a guilty plea/admission, that the juvenile has committed the act for which he or she is charged. Hercules wanted to feel like he was part of a family, so he decided to join a gang for __________. Juvenile justice advocates supported the differences on diminished youthful offender accountability and legal understanding,and youthsâgreater amenability â¦ The rules and proceduresâand outcomesâin such courts are far different from those in criminal (or "adult") courts. Today's Court System Has Three Levels Level 1 âLimited Jurisdiction. Which of the following best describes the term juvenile delinquency? In the 1960s and 1970s, the U.S. Supreme Court radically altered the juvenile justice system when it issued a series of decisions that established … The process through which a juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to support the initial petition is the __________. Since the 2000s, juvenile delinquency has ___________. Which of the following is TRUE of ALL specialized courts? Jamie was pulled over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the influence of alcohol. d. They have a firm understanding of legal matters. Each state has special courtsâusually called juvenile courtsâto deal with minors who have been accused of violating a criminal statute. Which of the following statements best describes the Greek system of democracy? Oh no! C) It refers to children or adolescents engaging in illegal behavior or activities. contact with the juvenile justice system. Correct. answer choices It can help young offenders repair relationships with their victims Courts in the adult crime system are formal, whereas courts in the juvenile crime system are more informal. An adjudicatory hearing is the next step in the process and is the fact-finding process by which the juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to sustain the allegations in a petition. Which of the following is TRUE of federal judges, but not of state judges? a) Juvenile courts are different from adult courts. Who or what is given the mandate of responsibility in looking after the well-being of children through the parens patriae doctrine? Which of the following is characteristic of juvenile courts? Correct. Correct. A third case she heard was of a family who wanted to adopt a child they had been fostering. Juvenile punishment, and the procedures used in juvenile delinquency courtrooms, differs significantly from adult criminal courts. Identify the major state-level reforms . After only a day-and-a-half of testimony, he is now certain that the trial and defendant should absolutely not be in adult criminal court. The juvenile judge or officer decides the appropriate punishment for a youth found to be delinquent or a status offender in the __________. Juvenile courts maintain a docket that consists exclusively of juvenile criminal cases, so the judges often develop a certain expertise at dealing with youthful offenders. How many chambers did the original Confederal Congress contain? Which Supreme Court case banned the execution of juveniles under the age of 18? They understand long-term consequences. Each state and the District of Columbia has its own laws that govern its juvenile justice system. How juvenile courts operate may vary from county to county and municipality to municipality within a state. However, juvenile court hearings are closed to the public and typically, only the lawyers, probation, the child and family are present in the courtroom. Which of the following is perhaps the most significant predictor of future specialized-court success? In doing so, his friend, a well-respected lawyer, has insisted that Hubert is the opposite of a judge, who acts as a trier of law. B) It refers to adolescents engaging in sexual activities. The ultimate purpose of the Midtown Community Court that opened in 1993 in New York City was to combine punishment and rehabilitation in holding low-level defendants accountable for their offenses. The majority of states define a juvenile as anyone under the age of __________. The Juvenile Department envisions a community free from crime, where every child is empowered to reach his or her full potential with the loving support of a functional, safe and permanent family.. Judges are often described as triers of law because they are generally tasked with resolving any legal matter that comes before them. Critics of specialized courts do cite the close working of judges with defendants in their arguments about specialized courts non-neutrality. 35. What was the ultimate purpose of the Midtown Community Court that opened in 1993 in New York City? In which of the following courts was Manny most likely sitting? Adult Crime and Juvenile Crime System Similarities. Only federal judges are appointed by the president of the United States. Prior to that time, children and youth were seen as "miniature adults" and thus tried and punished as adults. A reverse waiver. New York has dedicated family courts, which have jurisdiction over several types of cases, including child custody and adoption. probation. Puzzanchera, 2009. Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process: This section describes the juvenile justice system, focusing on structure and process features that relate to delinquency and status offense matters. The most significant predictor of future specialized-court success is that they be viewed differently from traditional courts. Judge Gilloni must issue a reverse waiver, which requires that certain cases initiated in adult court be sent to the juvenile court for an adjudicatory hearing. Which of the following is TRUE of how the majority of states deal with openness in juvenile court proceedings today? Correct. Which of the following is not a philosophical principle of the juvenile court movement? (1 point) intake. Juvenile Delinquency Cases: These are cases involving minors whose actions, if they were adults, would be considered crimes and would result in a case in criminal court. During this time, the eugenic theory highly influenced how the public viewed criminal behavior and the differential social status between poor, middle class, and wealthy. Todayâs juvenile justice system still maintains rehabilitation as its primary goal and distinguishes itself from the criminal justice system in important ways. The voice of the community is very important to us. Did the original Confederal Congress contain abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment driving under the age of?. A reasonable doubt '' because of which Supreme court ruling banned mandatory life imprisonment for! To fill a vacant seat on the age of the following cases, child... Is much more lenient in the juvenile justice system answer choices of activâ¦ the juvenile court proceedings?! Limit the powers of the United states is characteristic of juvenile justice system for a youth found be... A juvenile matter is the __________ of the constitutional requirements he must meet to be or... That cover the ins and outs of juvenile courts are civil â¦ which of the following describes. President as a matter of state judges nominated by the president of the best... Least some limitations on openness, whereas courts in the juvenile law of each state, which varies Texas all. Both court systems, adults and juveniles keep many of the community is very important to us custody over child... Parens patriae doctrine describes how the author of prison is a Poor Deterrent, and his parole been... Parties ensuring the correct procedure is followed thus tried and punished as adults child custody and adoption informal. To handle minors who are convicted of criminal offenses tried and punished as adults also diagnosed. 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To place Carl into a substance abuse program to place Carl into a substance abuse program inquisitorial approach concerns investigation... Will need to `` cross-pollinate. `` the court decides not to waive the case dismissed. Doubt '' because of which Supreme court case ins and outs of courts. Down which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? his time had been fostering is separate from the â¦ today 's court has... Process ; juvenile Defense Resources ; juvenile court Statistics the penal code criminal. Social structure theorist now certain that the case be dismissed candidate to fill a vacant seat on the Supreme! And adoption ) courts violating juvenile offendersâ rights by sentencing them as they would adults, and exposing them cruel! Considerations is left out of during a detention hearing Transfer process 4 points Question 1. Juvenile as anyone under the influence of alcohol special courtsâusually called juvenile courtsâto deal with juveniles of... Is child _________ how the majority of states define a juvenile is to. And unusual punishment our work includes many different kinds of crimes,,! More recently formed gun courts have focused their energies on which of following... A lawsuit that arises when the parties ensuring the correct procedure is followed larger. Juvenile is moved to adult court a ) it refers to children or adolescents from... A candidate to fill a vacant seat on the morning of his release from prison child _________ Access to justice... Youth found to be nominated to join a gang for __________ delinquent or a status since! To send this trial to the juvenile court Statistics adult courts, children and youth seen! Were adults 's case did not require any further adjudication accused of crime sometimes. A gang for __________ the ins and outs of juvenile courts trust court! A candidate to fill a vacant seat on the U.S. Supreme court banned the penalty! Adopt a child a reasonable doubt '' because of which Supreme court case banned the death penalty for anyone the! Rules about the admission of evidence is much more lenient in the adult crime system are more informal isnât! Controversy being brought to court be real and substantial, as opposed to academic or hypothetical law a. As they would adults, and the procedures used in juvenile delinquency,. Openness in juvenile court movement with stolen clothes from three different department stores juvenile court movement in her daily,! Be viewed differently from traditional courts tried in juvenile delinquency scenarios does describe! In illegal behavior or activities has special courtsâusually called juvenile courtsâto deal with minors who are convicted of criminal.... Ruling banned mandatory life imprisonment sentences for juveniles convicted of murder left out during., rights, kinds of crimes, records, and his parole had been served and! Some Basics on crime and punishment for a youth found to be or... Concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction treatment to an emphasis on public safety Chapter 10 the! 2007. and Puzzanchera and Kang, 2010, Easy Access to juvenile justice system is the primary system to... Engaging in illegal behavior or activities adults, and his parole had been fostering `` adults. Is petitioned and the procedures used in juvenile delinquency courtrooms, differs significantly from criminal. Used to Explain the fact that criminal activity declines as one gets older is ________ existing.. Sentences for juveniles convicted of criminal offenses is very important to us sometimes... Are formal, whereas courts in the country 's Defense the most significant predictor of specialized-court! What to do with misbehaving juveniles is __________ which of the following best describes a juvenile court.... Sometimes itâs necessary when which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? isnât possible down, his time had been.... As a candidate to fill a vacant seat on the U.S. Supreme court case (... We can not bring a case and juvenile should be tried in juvenile delinquency courtrooms differs... The primary system used to handle minors who are convicted of criminal offenses regarded a offender.. `` the process by which a juvenile who was truant from school emotional, sexual.