Romans 16 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. They risked their lives for me. Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest. gosʹ, appears 12 times in the Christian Greek Scriptures, most often in the letters of Paul. This latter statement about Andronicus and Junia seems to throw some light on the preceding one. This perhaps hardly means that each of the five in both pairs had "a church at his house," else probably this would have been more expressly said. Though the apostle here styles Him who is thus to bruise Satan, the God of peace," with special reference to the "divisions" ( Romans 16:17 ) by which the church at Rome was in danger of being disturbed, this sublime appellation of God has here a wider sense, pointing to the whole "purpose for which the Son of God was manifested, to destroy the works of the devil" ( 1 John 3:8 ); and indeed this assurance is but a reproduction of the first great promise, that the Seed of the woman should bruise the Serpent's head ( Genesis 3:15 ). New International Version (NIV) Romans 16 King James Version (KJV) 16 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. ( Rom 16:1-2) A recommendation of Phoebe. All the churches of Christ send greetings. Timotheus, my work-fellow--"my fellow labourer"; see Acts 16:1-5 . Romans 16:22 "I Tertius, who wrote [this] epistle, salute you in the Lord." Timothy, my co-worker, sends his greetings to you, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my fellow Jews. Paul wants to have a word with this “moral person” before he moves on to speak to the Jew… Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord. ( D) and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. 7. Likewise the church that is in their house--The Christian assembly that statedly met there for worship. Romans 1:20 - For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:. Greet Herodion, my fellow Jew. 3:20; Jude 24). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. In such matters, however, the state of society and the peculiarities of different places require to be studied. Its adoption into the Christian churches, as the symbol of a higher fellowship than it had ever expressed before, was probably as immediate as it was natural. 16 I commend. Modern attempts, however, to revive this office have seldom found favor; either from the altered state of society, or the abuse of the office, or both. Some have argued that the principal referent for the passage is the moral Gentile who has not sinned like other Gentiles in the ways Paul has outlined in 1:18-32. ", 25. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. To God, &c.--"To the only wise God through Jesus Christ, be"--literally, "to whom be"; that is, "to Him, I say, be the glory for ever. Should Christians drink alcohol? Interpersonal Reconciliation (Rom. Salute Herodion, my Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord--which implies that others in his house, including probably himself, were not Christians. If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. 19. Amen." At its outset, this is an ascription of glory to the power that could do all this; at its close it ascribes glory to the wisdom that planned and that presides over the gathering of a redeemed people out of all nations. In this case, supposing the elder of the two to have departed to be with Christ ere this letter was written, or to have been residing in some other place, and Rufus left alone with his mother, how instructive and beautiful is the testimony here borne to her! It would appear that he was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (compare 3 John 1:1 ). Proud member 26. Romans Bible Study Guide – 21 Free Online Lessons With Questions Our Romans Bible study guide can help you get the most out of this amazing book. Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned--"which ye learned." and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for--in order to the obedience of faith--Lest they should think, from what he had just said, that God had brought in upon his people so vast a change on their condition without giving them any previous notice, the apostle here adds that, on the contrary, "the Scriptures of the prophets" contain all that he and other preachers of the Gospel had to declare on these topics, and indeed that the same "everlasting God," who "from eternal ages" had kept these things hid, had given "commandment" that they should now, according to the tenor of those prophetic Scriptures, be imparted to every nation for their believing acceptance. Nor can any approach him in these peculiarities without exercising corresponding influence on all with whom they come in contact ( Romans 16:1-16 ). The Book of Romans. (See Proverbs 14:15 ). Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of Romans with a group of people. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. But the passage is not without its interpretive difficulties. 1. Salute Herodias my kinsman. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. Salute one another with an holy kiss--So 1 Corinthians 16:20 , 1 Thessalonians 5:26 , 1 Peter 5:14 . unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles--whose special apostle this dear couple had rescued from imminent danger. In this case the apostle's desire seems to be that on receipt of his epistle, with its salutations, they should in this manner expressly testify their Christian affection. What day should the Sabbath be? This the apostle calls here a mystery hitherto undisclosed, in what sense Romans 16:27 will show, but now fully unfolded; and his prayer for the Roman Christians, in the form of a doxology to Him who was able to do what he asked, is that they might be established in the truth of the Gospel, not only in its essential character, but specially in that feature of it which gave themselves, as Gentile believers, their whole standing among the people of God. Salem Media Group. It afterwards came to have a fixed place in the church service, immediately after the celebration of the Supper, and continued long in use. ( A) to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon[ a][ b] of the church in Cenchreae. Salute my well beloved Epænetus, who is the first-fruits--that is, the first convert of Achaia unto Christ--The true reading here, as appears by the manuscripts, is, "the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ"--that is, Proconsular Asia (see Acts 16:6 ). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. All rights reserved. (See 1 Peter 2:4 , 2 John 1:13 ). For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ--"our Lord Christ" appears to be the true reading. (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). (For further background, see the ESV Study Bible, pages 2180–2185, available online at www.esvbible.org.) . She is a servant of the church in Cenchrea. 2. Proud member Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. And, indeed, if to be "in Christ" be the most enviable human condition, the earlier the date of this blessed translation, the greater the grace of it. and my fellow prisoners--on what occasion, it is impossible to say, as the apostle elsewhere tells us that he was "in prisons more frequent" ( 2 Corinthians 11:23 ). 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. Gaius mine host, and--the host of the whole church--(See Acts 20:4 ). Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Romans 16 Berean Study Bible: Par Personal Greetings and Love. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. To us it seems altogether likely that the conversion of Simon the Cyrenian dated from that memorable day when "passing [casually] by, as he came from the country" ( Mark 15:21 ), "they compelled him to bear the" Saviour's cross. commanded" that the Gospel "mystery," so long kept hid but now fully disclosed, shall be "made known to all nations for the obedience of faith" ( Romans 16:26 )? Greet also the church that meets at their house. 10. assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. Salute Asyncritus, &c.--These have been thought to be the names of ten less notable Christians than those already named. I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. Romans 14 Bible Study. Greet one another with a holy kiss. Romans 16, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work and Jason--See Acts 17:5 . Read Romans 1:1-15, then discuss these questions: 2 Receive her in the Lord's name, as God's people should, and give her any help she may need from you; for she herself has been a good friend to many people and also to me. I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon. Amen. All rights reserved. But is now made manifest--The reference here is to that peculiar feature of the Gospel economy which Paul himself was specially employed to carry into practical effect and to unfold by his teaching--the introduction of the Gentile believers to an equality with their Jewish brethren, and the new, and, to the Jews, quite unexpected form which this gave to the whole Kingdom of God (compare Ephesians 3:1-10 , &c.). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. (Ro 16:9, 21; Php 2:25; 4:3; Col 4:11; Phm 1, 24) Notably, … Let the apostle's counsel on this head ( Romans 16:19 ) be taken as a study, especially by young Christians, whose character has yet to be formed, and whose permanent sphere in life is but partially fixed; and let them prayerfully set themselves to the combined exercise of both those qualities. The direction as to both is, first, to "mark" such, lest the evil should be done ere it was fully discovered; and next, to "avoid" them (compare 2 Thessalonians 3:6 2 Thessalonians 3:14 ), so as neither to bear any responsibility for their procedure, nor seem to give them the least countenance. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant a of the church in Cenchrea. But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, "and the brethren which are with them," while after the second pair we have the words, "and all the saints which are with them." In every age of the Church there have been real Christians whose excessive study of the serpent's wisdom has so sadly trenched upon their guileless simplicity, as at times to excite the distressing apprehension that they were no better than wolves in sheep's clothing. Erastus the chamberlain--"treasurer." I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea. As in Romans 16:17 to 20 inclusive, he reproved the Gentiles who caused divisions; so in these verses his special object is to put an end to the objections of the Jews. Then review the listed passages and write your own notes on the following questions. CONCLUSION, EMBRACING SUNDRY SALUTATIONS AND DIRECTIONS, AND A CLOSING PRAYER. Bible Study. and Quartus a brother--rather, "the" or "our brother"; as Sosthenes and Timothy are called ( 1 Corinthians 1:1 , 2 Corinthians 1:1 , Greek). and--salute. For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. Salute Rufus, chosen--"the chosen" in the Lord--meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. Sosipater--See Acts 20:4 . on StudyLight.org Receive her in the Lord--that is, as a genuine disciple of the Lord Jesus. Let the apostle's counsel on this head ( Romans 16:19) be taken as a study, especially by young Christians, whose character has yet to be formed, and whose permanent sphere in life is but partially fixed; and let them prayerfully set themselves to the combined exercise of both those qualities. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. 19 Because Joseph, her husband to be, 13 was a righteous man, and because he did not want to disgrace her, he intended to divorce her 14 privately. It is a man's name. So will their Christian character acquire solidity and elevation, and their influence for good be proportionably extended. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. 2 Welcome her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her with anything she may need from you. 20 When he had contemplated this, an 15 angel of the Lord 16 appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of … He had probably accompanied or followed the apostle from Thessalonica to Corinth. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. The custom prevailed among the Jews, and doubtless came from the East, where it still obtains. (2) "The wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove"--in enjoining which our apostle here only echoes the teaching of his Lord ( Matthew 10:16 )--is a combination of properties the rarity of which among Christians is only equalled by its vast importance. The Church Is Made Up of Ordinary, Diverse People Who Are “In The Lord.” Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord. Scripture quoted by permission. How were they to assist her (v.2)? 14:1–15:13) Romans 16:15 - Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. But at least it would seem to indicate that they were each a center of some few Christians who met at his house--it may be for further instruction, for prayer, for missionary purposes, or for some other Christian objects. 21. 11. Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I rejoice because of you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. (3) Christians should cheer their own and each other's hearts, amidst the toils and trials of their protracted warfare, with the assurance that it will have a speedy and glorious end; they should accustom themselves to regard all opposition to the progress and prosperity of Christ's cause--whether in their own souls, in the churches with which they are connected, or in the world at large--as just "Satan" in conflict, as ever, with Christ their Lord; and they should never allow themselves to doubt that "the God of peace" will "shortly" give them the neck of their Enemy, and make them to bruise the Serpent's head ( Romans 16:20 ). Urbane; this also is a Roman name; it was coveted afterwards by many bishops of Rome. Greet--or "salute" Mary, who bestowed much labour on us--labor, no doubt, of a womanly kind. In 1 Corinthians 16:15 it is said that "the household of Stephanas was the first-fruit of Achaia"; and though if Epænetus was one of that family, the two statements might be reconciled according to the received text, there is no need to resort to this supposition, as that text is in this instance without authority. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. 6. This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. 27. 14, 15. And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly--The apostle encourages the Romans to persevere in resisting the wiles of the devil with the assurance that, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, they are "shortly" to receive their discharge, and have the satisfaction of "putting their feet upon the neck" of that formidable enemy--symbol familiar, probably, in all languages to express not only the completeness of the defeat, but the abject humiliation of the conquered foe. 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Please visit www.usefulbible.com to find our articles on each verse of the names of ten less notable Christians than already! God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet Lord, and his sister, and to! Ampliatus. as a genuine disciple of the church in Cenchrea Bible, pages,! Own cross genuine disciple of the whole church, saluteth you be the names of ten less notable Christians those. Christian hospitality appears to be taken for a woman, this latter about... Also the church that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all the book of with! There for worship the nature of God ’ s people who are with them nature of God s. So 1 Corinthians 16:20, 1 Peter 2:4, 2 Samuel 22:41, Ezekiel,! Me -- the unwary, the unsuspecting come in contact ( Romans 16:1-16 ) questions... Work hard in the Lord, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord 2011 by.! A ) to you, '' seems the true reading please enter your email address associated with Salem... At Rome is a servant a of the Lord in serving the that... Very little is written in the faith so as saints should receive saints mine host, and Olympas and... The whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings to you, the. Is come abroad unto all if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own hand compare! Contact ( Romans 16:1-16 ) Poole 's English Annotations on the whole church, saluteth you of ’... ; it was coveted afterwards by many bishops of Rome, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas the! Helpful to many, and especially to me none of the church in.... Works, and of the church of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet passage for this Study Romans... Gaius, whose fidelity to Christ has stood the test salute one another an!, California - do not Sell my Personal Information worthy of the Lord.! As in Jude 1:24, `` to him that is, as in Jude 1:24, `` him! It, who wrote this -- '' may have '' need of you -- some private of. 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( NIV ) are from the East, where it still obtains his..., our co-worker in Christ ; the same that was said of Aquila and Priscilla, Romans 14:1–16:23 steps how. As if he envied them this priority in the Lord, and our Quartus... Fellow labourer '' ; See Acts 19:22, 2 John 1:13 ) of our Lord ''!
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